| Richard Neutra (1892-1970). Photo: Ed Clark |
by Samuel D. Gruber
"Richard Neutra had absorbed Wright's designs in Europe from the Wasmuth publication. But Neutra had also worked in Berlin for the Expressionist Erich Mendelsohn, and with Mendelsohn had contacts as early as 1922 with Jewish clients when the two submitted a successful proposal for a commercial center in Haifa, Palestine.
Almost immediately upon arriving in New York in 1923 – hoping to work, like Schindler, for Wright; Neutra was engaged by an International Zionist committee, including Albert Einstein, Rabbi Stephen Wise and Modechai Kaplan, to design a library for the new Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The audacious building, which combines elements of Wright and Mendelsohn, was promoted by the committee but never built.
|Richard Neutra. Unbuilt design for Jewish Library, Jerusalem, 1923. Drwg reproduced in The Architecture of Richard Neutra: From International Style to California Modern, (NY: MoMA, 1982), p. 34.|
|Richard Neutra. Unbuilt design for Northshore Temple, Chicago, 1924|
Vienna-Hietzing competition, 1924. Richard Neutra project. Published in Menorah Nov-Dec 1929.
|St. Louis, MO. Bnai Amoona. Eric Mendelsohn, architect, 1949. Model.|
Historian Gavriel Rosenfeld has grouped Neutra and Schindler as “Non-Jewish” Jewish Architects: Profiles in Evasion;” in his book Building after Auschwitz: Jewish Architecture and the Memory of the Holocaust, but I think the situation is more nuanced; even simple encounters with their buildings made other Jews more modern, and thus modernism more Jewish."
Los Angeles, CA. Lovell House,Richard Neutra, arch. 1927-29. Photo: Wikimedia.
Palm Springs, CA. Kaufmann Desert House.Richard Neutra, architect 1946. Photo: Barbara Alfors 2000