by Samuel D. Gruber
(ISJM) Various news reports describe the vandalism of the Holocaust Monument at
A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust describes the monument as follows (with extensive photos):
Sculpture: The two blocks to the side of the central sculpture symbolize the doors of death.
The interior of the boxcar is used as a museum about the camp. It includes a display of photographs, documents, and texts depicting the horrible living conditions and events that took place at
The existence of the camp, established by the French Vichy government in 1941 as an internment camp was not officially acknowledged by the French government until 1995. According to the website of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, "Until July 1, 1943, French police staffed the camp under the overall control of the German Security Police. In July 1943 the Germans took direct control of the
The camp was a multistory U-shaped building that had served as a police barracks before the war. Barbed wire surrounded the building and its courtyard. The capacity of the camp was 5,000 prisoners. Five subcamps, used primarily as warehouses for personal property confiscated from Jews, were located throughout
According to reports, Raphael Chemouni, responsible for maintaining the memorial, said it was the first time that it had been a target. "Until now there has been a very great respect for this monument," he said. There was some previous vandalism reported in 2005.
According to the JTA the train car" and a stone pillar, were daubed with swastikas. Shopfronts in the towns of